The Systematic Character of the National Socialist Policy for the Extermination of the Jews: Electronic Edition, by Heinz Peter Longerich

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H. Conclusions

1.We can now establish that between Autumn 1941 and early 1942, while the killing of Jews in the occupied Soviet Areas continued unabated, further mass murders were   being prepared or already executed in various further areas under German occupation. This proceeded in a thoroughly systematic manner: the relevant regional institutions tried to kill, via a certain method of murder a substantial part of the Jewish population within their own region in accordance with a uniform plan. In the Warthegau the initiative was in the hands of the governor Greiser, who had received Himmler's authorisation to murder 100.000 persons, and proceeded to do so with the aid of gas-vans. The murder of the Jews "unfit for work" in the Districts of Galicia and Lublin - by means of a stationary gas-chamber - was committed under the auspices of the SS and Police Leader in Lublin, Globocnik. In Serbia it was the Wehrmacht in the first instance, which had the Jewish men killed by mass-execution; then the initiative went over to the Security Police, which murdered the remaining Jewish population by means of gas-vans. In all these cases, one is dealing with programmes of extermination which proceeded according to a systematic plan.
2.These regional programmes of extermination must not be seen as campaigns by the regional authorities carried on their own initiative which proceeded independently of one another. The programmes of extermination were much more constituent parts of a higher and centrally organised policy.
3.The mass murders in the Warthegau and the District of Lublin proceeded in the context of a more comprehensive programme of deportations. This programme, first applied to the German Reich, was extended to Slovakia and France from early 1942 onward, and was to encompass the whole of Europe according to the planning of the Nazi leadership. The regional murder-campaigns were calculated to "make room" for the first wave of deportations in the respective areas. Greiser and Globocnik thus did not act autonomously, but sought the agreement of Himmler before they started the preparations for the mass murders in Chelmno and Belzec. The policy of extermination policy in Serbia - in which mass-executions were followed by the introduction of gas-vans - was no singular development. It followed the pattern of the German policy in the Soviet Union, albeit somewhat transposed. The Commander of the Wehrmacht Böhme began the executions of Jewish men only once the appropriate go ahead had been received from the RSHA and the Foreign Office. The mass-executions in Galicia were at first a constituent part of the extermination policy in the occupied areas; later, the deportations to Belzec followed the same murder methods as had been applied in the neighbouring district of Lublin.
 
4.An important common characteristic of the operations in all of the four regions (the Warthegau, Lublin, Galicia, and Serbia), was thus the use of gas in the killing of people. Killing by means of gas was part of an overall policy which can also be shown to apply to Auschwitz (Cyclon B) and the occupied Soviet Areas (gas-vans) in the Winter of 1941/1942.

Notes

306. Pohl, Ostgalizien, pp. 179ff.
307. Pohl, Ostgalizien, pp. 43ff, 101ff, pp. 179.
308. 'wohl feststellen, daß 60 % davon liqudiert werden müssen, während nur noch 40 % in die Arbeit eingesetzt werden können'. Fröhlich (ed.), Tagebücher, 27.3.42.
309. Manoschek, Serbien, pp. 169ff.
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