ایروینگ در مقابل لیپستادت
David Irving, Hitler and Holocaust Denial: Electronic Edition, by Richard J. Evans
Table of Contents
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Irving the historian
3. Irving and Holocaust denial
- 3.1 Definition of 'The Holocaust'
- 3.2 Holocaust denial
- 3.3 The arguments before the court
- 3.4 Irving and the central tenets of Holocaust denial
- 3.5 Connections with Holocaust deniers
- 3.6 Conclusion
4. Irving's writings on Hitler
- 4.1 Admiration
- 4.2 Exculpation
4.3 Historical method: case-studies
- (a) Irving's 'chain of documents'
- (b) Evidence at Hitler's trial in 1924
(c) 'Reichskristallnacht' November 1938.
- (i) Background
(ii) Irving's Account of the Events of the Night of 9-10 November 1938
- (A) Misquotation and Skewing of Documents: The Goebbels Diary
- (B) Suppression of relevant evidence: the Eberstein testimony and the Goebbels speech in the Old Town Hall
- (C) Manipulation of evidence: The involvement of the SA in the pogrom
- (D) Invention and manipulation of evidence: the Eberstein testimony
- (E) Use of unreliable evidence, suppression of reliable testimony, and invention: von Below and Schaub
- (F) False attribution of conclusions to reliable sources: the Heydrich telex
- (G) Bending a reliable source to fit the argument: the Hess order
- (H) Manipulation of evidence (Wiedemann testimony, Hederich testimony) and suppression of reliable documentation (Goebbels diary, Supreme Party Court Report)
- (I) Use of insignificant evidence and suppression of important evidence: the Groscurth and von Hassell diaries
- (J) Conclusion
(iii) Irving's Account of Events After the Night of 9-10 November 1938
- (A) Misquotation, manipulation, and discounting of reliable evidence to fit a preconceived argument: the Goebbels diary
- (B) Suppression of important aspects and concentration on insignificant aspects of reliable evidence to divert attention from its significance
- (C) Suppression of evidence: Memoirs of Hans Kehrl and Correspondence of Carl Burckhardt
- (D) Misquotation and suppression of evidence: the von Hassell diaries
- (E) Misrepresentation of reliable documents: the Communication of the SA Leadership
- (F) Misconstrual of books that directly contradict Irving's arguments: the Goebbels diary
- (G) Invention of evidence: the Ribbentrop memoirs
- (H) Misrepresentation and presentation of irrelevant evidence: the Wolff memoirs
- (I) False attribution of a conclusion to a reliable source: the Goebbels diary
- (J) Misrepresentation of reliable sources: the reports to the British Foreign Office
- (K) Use of a discredited and disreputable source: Ingrid Weckert
- (L) Invention of evidence: testimony of Schirmeister and Fritzsche
- (iv) Conclusion
(d) The expulsion of Jews from Berlin, 1941
- (i) Historical Background
- (ii) Hitler's table talk of 25 October
(iii) Goebbels's article in 'Das Reich' of 16 November
- (A) Irving's claim
- (B) The deliberate omission of relevant evidence: The article in 'Das Reich'
- (C) Further suppression of evidence of Hitler's antisemitism, July-December 1941
- (D) The deliberate omission of evidence: Goebbels's diary entry of 22 November 1941
- (E) Suppression of relevant evidence: Friedrich Jeckeln's testimony The Systematic Killing of Jews in the Baltic
- (F) Suppression of relevant evidence: Testimony of Walter Bruns
- (G) Manipulation and Suppression of Evidence. The testimony of Dieter Wisliceny
- (H) Manipulation of statistics: the number of Jews killed in Riga
- (iv) Himmler's phone call of 30 November 1941
- (v) Irving's later repetition, and amendment, of his falsifications
- (e) The Schlegelberger note
(f) The Goebbels diary entry of 27 March 1942
- (i) Historical context
- (ii) David Irving's claims in the first edition of Hitler's War
(iii) Evaluation of Irving's defence of his claims
- (A) Irving's defence
- (B)Irving's misrepresentation and misunderstanding of the sources: the Goebbels diary entry of 27 April 1942 and Hitler's table talk of 15 May 1942
- (C) Irving's suppression, misrepresentation and misunderstanding of the sources: the Goebbels diary entry of 30 May 1942
- (C) Irving's suppression and manipulation of the Goebbels diary entry of 30 May 1942 and the table talk of 29 May 1942.
- (D) Irving's misrepresentation and misunderstanding of the sources: the Hitler table talk of 24 July 1942
- (iv) Conclusion
- (g) The Himmler minute of 22 September 1942
(h) The Antonescu/Horthy Meetings with Hitler in April 1943
- (i) Background
- (ii) The meeting between Hitler and Horthy on 16 and 17 April 1943.
- (iii) Irving's account of the meeting between Hitler and Horthy: Bending reliable sources to fit preconceived ideas, invention and fabrication
- (iv) Further suppression of evidence of Hitler's radical antisemitism.
- (v) Conclusion
- (i) The Deportation and Murder of the Roman Jews in October 1943.
- (j) Ribbentrop's testimony at Nuremberg and his evidence from his cell in Nuremberg.
5. Irving's use of evidence
- 5.1 Introduction
5.2 The Bombing of Dresden in 1945.
- (a) Background
- (b) Irving's The Destruction of Dresden.
- (c) Misstatement, misrepresentation, misattribution.
(d) Falsification of statistics.
- (i) Introduction
- (ii) Unreliable evidence: the testimony of Hans Voigt.
(iii) The use of forged evidence: Tagesbefehl 47 [Order of the Day no. 47].
- (A) Misattribution of authorship and responsibility.
- (B) Suppression of internal inconsistencies.
- (C) False attribution and manipulation of corroborating testimony confirming the authenticity of TB 47.
- (D) Unreliable testimony: the Red Cross, Walter Kleiner, and Karl Mehnert.
- (E) Suppression of contradictory evidence: testimony of Theo Miller.
- (F) Use of unreliable testimony: two United States Strategic Bombing Survey interrogations.
- (G) Use of unreliable evidence: testimony of Wilfred von Oven.
- (H) Falsification of statistics: official estimates.
- (iv) The 'Final Report' of 15 March 1945.153
- (v) The real TB 47.
- (vi) Further bending of reliable sources.
- (vii) Further misuse of figures: refugees, burials, and excavations.
- (3) Dresden and Holocaust Denial
- (f) Conclusion.
5.3 The evidence of Hitler's adjutants
- (a) Background
- (b) Hitler's entourage and its post-war evidence
Individuals in the entourage
- (i) Double standards dealing with a source Unjustified dismissal of a source containing material counter to Irving's arguments - : the "diaries" of Gerhard Engel.
- (ii) Uncritical treatment of a biased source favourable to Irving's argument: the diaries of Wilfred von Oven
- (iii) Suppression of relevant information: the memoirs of Nicolaus von Below
- (iv) Manipulation of two further affidavits: Karl Jesco von Puttkamer and Wilhelm von Brückner.
- (v) Manipulations and suppressions: the evidence of Hitler's stenographers.
- (vi) Double standards in the evaluation of evidence: the memoirs of Karl Wilhelm Krause
- (vii) Deliberate suppression of relevant evidence: the testimony of Heinz Linge
- (vii) Deliberate suppression of evidence: the annotation of Hans Pfeiffer
- (ix) Suppression of relevant information: the diary of Otto Bräutigam
- (x) Misrepresentation of source material: the evidence of Hitler's secretary
- (xi) The suppression of relevant evidence: the memoirs of Franz von Sonnleithner
- (xii) Suppression of relevant information: Karl Brandt
- (xiii) Neglect of relevant information: the reports of Hermann Fegelein
- (xiv) Use of an unreliable source: the testimony of Karl Wolff
- (xv) Additional evidence.
- (d) Hitler's decision-making process.
- (e) Conclusion
- 5.4 Explaining Nazi Antisemitism
- 6. General Conclusion