إرفنج ضد ليبستدات
Holocaust Denial on Trial, Trial Transcripts, Day 32: Electronic Edition
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1IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE
1996 I. No. 113
QUEEN'S BENCH DIVISION
2Royal Courts of Justice
4 Wednesday, 15th March 2000
7MR JUSTICE GRAY
9B E T W E E N: DAVID JOHN CAWDELL IRVING
11(1) PENGUIN BOOKS LIMITED
12(2) DEBORAH E. LIPSTADT
14The Claimant appeared in person
15MR RICHARD RAMPTON Q.C. (instructed by Messrs Davenport Lyons and Mishcon de Reya) appeared on behalf of the First and
17MISS HEATHER ROGERS (instructed by Davenport Lyons) appeared on behalf of the First Defendant Penguin Books Limited
18MR ANTHONY JULIUS (of Mishcon de Reya) appeared on behalf of
19the Second Defendant Deborah Lipstadt
21(Transcribed from the stenographic notes of Harry Counsell
&Company, Clifford's Inn, Fetter Lane, London EC4
23(This transcript is not to be reproduced without the written permission of Harry
25 PROCEEDINGS - DAY THIRTY-TWO
1 <(Day 32)
4 MR JUSTICE GRAY: Mr Irving, before you say what you want to
5say and before Mr Rampton starts, can I just say this.
6I certainly do not intend to have a sort of inquest about
7why yesterday was abortive. I was a bit surprised, as you
8may have gathered. I have looked at the transcript of day
930 and I can see how the misunderstanding arose. I think
10it was then contemplated we would have two days of closing
11submissions and it has not worked out like that. The
12reason I mention it is simply this. Having looked again
13at both sets of written closing submissions -- for which
14I am very grateful, a lot of work has gone into them
15obviously -- there are one or two points that I think
16I ought to put really to both sides. I will do that
17whenever it is convenient to you both. I will either do
18it before or during or after, whichever you find
19convenient -- probably after, I suspect.
20 MR RAMPTON: After, I would suggest.
21 MR JUSTICE GRAY: After your public statement, but I do not
22want to do it. That is what I am really telling you.
23 MR RAMPTON: I would also suggest, perhaps, because they are
24not things in which the majority of people in this room
25are going to be closely interested, we could also deal
26with these five points after.
1 MR JUSTICE GRAY: Which five?
2 MR RAMPTON: Mr Irving's five points.
3 MR JUSTICE GRAY: The Muller document standard of proof,
4section 5 etc.
5 MR RAMPTON: They are partly matters of law and partly matters
7 MR JUSTICE GRAY: Subject to Mr Irving, I entirely agree about
8that. Mr Irving, these are the nitty-gritty, are they
10 MR IRVING: I did not want to be wrong-footed by leaving them
11out. I want to draw your Lordship's attention to the fact
12that there are these final loose ends that need to be tied
14 MR JUSTICE GRAY: I certainly agree. We ought to spend a few
15minutes on the Muller document.
16 MR IRVING: Except for the one point, my Lord, point 4 on that
17list. Having reconsidered the matter, I do consider I am
18entitled to make slightly broader use of the material
19which was in the bundle E matters on the basis that I have
20set out there, that they might go to aggravated damages
21and they certainly go to explaining my state of mind when
22I am alleged to have made certain remarks about the bodies
23or persons concerned.
24 MR JUSTICE GRAY: What I will do -- I know the Defendants are
25not very happy about this but I think I am going to do it
26anyway unless Mr Rampton wants to try and dissuade me --
1is to let you make your closing submissions along the
2lines of the written document. I am bound to say that
3I think a lot of it goes beyond what the evidence
4establishes, and also goes beyond what you are really
5entitled in any event to rely on by way of aggravated
6damages against the Defendants because, of course, you
7have to prove the Defendants' involvement in the
8conspiracy. But I am going to let you do it, unless
9Mr Rampton continue tries to dissuade me.
10 MR RAMPTON: No, I have no objection.
11 MR JUSTICE GRAY: I think it is the right thing to do in this
13 MR RAMPTON: I agree. Miss Rogers has dealt with it very
14succinctly and, in my submission, very effectively on
15paper. It is in your Lordship's hands at the end of all
16this. If this were a Jury case, it would be entirely
17different, but it is not. We are confident that we can
18leave it happily to your Lordship. I would also add
19this. It does seem to me, and I will say this, that the
20more of that kind of speculative fantasy Mr Irving spins
21in a public court in this country, the more harm he does
22his own cause. I only say that at this stage.
23 MR JUSTICE GRAY: That is as may be.
24 MR IRVING: Be that as may be, my Lord, of course, I would be
25perfectly entitled in my closing speech to put to the
26court the matters that I would have put to the Defendants
1had they had the courage to go into the witness box. That
2is the kind of material that I would have put to them.
3 MR JUSTICE GRAY: Well, I am not sure that is actually right,
4as a matter of law, but I am taking a liberal approach.
5Say what you have indicated you intend to say in due
7 MR IRVING: I will certainly tighten it up. I shall not go to
9 MR RAMPTON: My Lord, I will then read, if I may, what your
10Lordship has in writing. I start by observing that your
11Lordship will notice, as I read it, that there are one or
12two stylistic changes that I have made overnight. They
13are merely stylistic. They do not touch the substance of
14what I have to say.
15 MR JUSTICE GRAY: I will keep my mouth shut and I will not
16interrupt you, but there are the points that I want to
17raise with you at the end of your statement.
18 MR RAMPTON: If your Lordship would rather do it now?
19 MR JUSTICE GRAY: No, it is better at the end.
20 MR RAMPTON: My Lord, I start with this, that if one had read
21some of the media reports of this trial, which I realize
22that your Lordship probably has not, one might have
23supposed that Mr Irving had been dragged into this court
24to defend his freedom of expression as an historian.
25 In fact, of course, that is not so. The history
26of the matter is quite the reverse. Professor Deborah
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